Modular building - is a temporary or capital structure, assembled at the object of installation of separate block modules (sections), mounted on a lightweight foundation base and connected to each other in general residential, office or commercial space.
Modular building, if it is classified as a temporary structure, which is being built without a construction permit, can not be higher than three floors and its area is limited by 1500m2.
Separate module can be any size. At the same time its maximum size, limited by possibilities of automotive transportation - 4,0m*15,0m*3,8m(w*l*h).
If the building is being built capital, then construction permit is required, regardless of the technology of its construction. For temporary the building obtaining of necessary permits are not required.
In the Civil Code of the Russian Federation in Article 1, paragraph 10 is a definition capital facilities. At the same time official definition of temporary structures is nowhere.
In the legal practice can be considered temporary facilities the following structures:
A result it turns that such building should be collapsible (assembled from modules) and on non-capital foundation.
Yes, it can. Technology of modular construction can be used for construction of capital (title) buildings. In this case, carried out the entire project cycle, obtaining construction permit (in some cases is carried out state examination of the project), the presentation of the finished object to supervisory agencies and receiving registration documents for capital building.
Typically the average ceiling height in standard block modules - 2,3 - 2,5 m - that can not be enough for office and administrative buildings. Elmaco produces block-modules of Premium class, where the height of "pure ceiling" can reach 3,3m - which corresponds to regulatory requirements.
Ordinary change houses and cheap modules do not correspond to any fire protection requirements. Most often modules have a degree of fire resistance V. Elmaco serially produces block modules that correspond to degree of fire resistance IV C1. In a special configuration Elmaco modules can be classified as III C0.
Service life of modular building under normal exploitation conditions and without frequent transportation to a new place, can reach 25 years. Characteristics of used materials and equipment allow it. Warranty period for Elmaco modules (depending on the model grade) can be up to two years.
All GOSTs and SNiPs are written for capital structures. Specific requirements for modular buildings in the documents are not spelled out. Therefore, different manufacturers produce modules absolutely different quality, including those that do not meet the regulatory requirements for residential or office buildings, i.e. they can not be used for permanent or temporary stay of people. The peculiarity of modules Elmaco is that, in principle, they meet all GOST and SNIP, but the building, assembled from them, can be considered a temporary structure.
The cost of modular building is highly dependent on its configuration and the level of used finishing materials. According to our statistics of completed projects the cost of 1m2 of modular building is in the range 18 000 - 40 000 rubles. Although there are projects where the cost comes to 80 000 rub./m2. The price includes project development, production of construction, installation works at the object, installation of air conditioning and ventilation systems, water supply, sewerage, installation of low-voltage systems and other works provided by the project of modular building. Clients of Elmaco just have to bring furniture into a new building and start its exploitation.
Block modules Elmaco are manufactured in Russia on Scandinavian technology. We follow all technological innovations in the field of modular construction and innovative materials, so we offer our customers the most modern and high-quality product, providing for block modules extended warranty - 2 years.
In low-cost complete sets of modular buildings, in which is not provided an additional hinged facade, outside is easy to see the joints between individual modules. The use of modern hinged facades, for example, of alucobond, which are mounted after joining of modules, can not only significantly improve the appearance and design of modular building but also to conceal the joints between block modules, and that give a holistic view for the building.